Various diseases, ranging from mild soreness to seriously compromised vision, can affect the human eye. Regular visits to an eye doctor or eye clinic are important in detecting, curing, and easing eye problems.
Two common problems of the eye are conjunctivitis and red or bloodshot eyes. Conjunctivitis, also called sore or pink eye, is an inflammation of the inner eyelid and eyeball covering. Highly contagious, it results from viral or allergy infections and is easily spread by hand to eye contact. Without treatment, it can cause scarring and decreased vision. Red or bloodshot eyes – so-called because of their appearance – result from tiredness, allergies, flu, and dust. They may be relieved with OTC medications. In some instances, red eyes can indicate more serious problems such as corneal ulcers. Another common eye problem is the floater. These little black specks dart around in a person’s field of vision, sometimes there, sometimes not, and are more annoying than dangerous. Most people simply ignore them. However, if the number of floaters suddenly increases, it could indicate a retinal tear or detachment. A tear occurs when the so-called vitreous jelly in the back of the eye pulls too hard on the retina and may cause bleeding. If vitreous liquid leaks through the tear, retinal tissue may be detached from the inside wall of the eye. The treatment is freezing the tears or sealing with lasers.
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Among high-risk eye problems are glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and macular degeneration. Glaucoma, a group of conditions that damages the optic nerve, is a major cause of blindness. Open-angle glaucoma puts pressure on the optic nerve over time. Angle-closure glaucoma produces a quick rise in eye pressure. Congenital glaucoma is often inherited and caused by abnormal eye development. Secondary glaucoma results from corticosteroid drugs, systemic diseases, or trauma. Treatments include eye drops and laser surgery. People with diabetes may develop diabetic retinopathy, causing changes in retina blood vessels that can lead to blindness. Treatments include laser surgery. Macular degeneration is a major cause of blindness for those aged 50 and older. It indicates vision loss in the macula, which is the center of the eye’s visual field. Although peripheral vision may remain, a person with macular degeneration may not be able to read or recognize faces. Treatments help slow progression of the disease, but there is no cure. Discover more types of eye conditions treatable at the eye clinic.
Natural Eye Care, Vision Health & Eye Disease Prevention